A Traumatic Brain Injury is a complex injury to the brain that can have a varying range of symptoms. Symptoms can manifest in areas of cognitive function, motor function, sensory function and emotional function. The severity of the injury is determined by medical professionals using a diagnostic tool called the Glasgow Coma Scale. The scale is limited in some ways but helps practitioners decide how to clinically manage the patient’s injury and what their prognosis is.
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Although there is no single cure for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), cognitive rehabilitation is the most common approach for those who have suffered an injury to the brain. The treatment that TBI patients go through is based on neuropsychological symptoms identified in special tests.
Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Various cognitive tasks, such as solving logic puzzles, practicing concentration skills, and reading, are commonly used in rehabilitation, but often aren’t enough. In many cases, basic skills – attention, focus, and perceptual skills – must be re-developed and strengthened first. Every injury is unique, but there are some common traits.
Patients may demonstrate difficulties in one or several of these areas:
- Short-term or long-term memory loss
- Attention & focus
- Planning or decision making
- Impulse control and inhibition
- Balance and coordination
- Fine motor skills and dexterity
- Visual or auditory processing
- Anxiety or depression