add / adhd
ADHD is a disorder characterized by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. ADD was a previous diagnostic term that referred to the condition without the hyperacitvity component. Now the diagnosis is reffered to as ADHD and has three sub categories to specify the degree and combination of the characteristics of the disorder.
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ADHD is assumed by most people to be a childhood disorder, but many adults struggle with it as well. If they were not diagnosed as a child, they may have no idea that the difficulties they experience are connected to an actual disorder. Diagnosing ADHD in general can be difficult, but it is often more difficult in adults because the symptoms may be mistaken for other disorders or diseases. For example, adults who suffer from ADHD often have difficulties at work and in relationships. These difficulties can lead to depression and anxiety, allowing other symptoms to be overlooked.
Adult sufferers of ADHD often have difficulty focusing and tuning out distractions. Participating in conversation with others can also be a challenge when behaviors such as zoning out when someone else is talking or the inability to stay on one topic when speaking are common. Emotionally, adults with ADHD often have unpredictable moods, low tolerance for frustration and high anxiety levels. These problems are exacerbated when procrastination, disorganization, and the inability to start and/or finish projects create negative consequences in a job or family setting.
On the positive side, people with ADHD are often highly creative and intelligent. Many artists, musicians and writers have ADHD and are able to turn some of their difficulties into benefits. Although there is not a cure for ADHD, there are ways to manage the symptoms.
ADHD in childhood can manifest, in varying degrees, in an inability to focus, impulsivity and hyperactivity. For kids with ADHD, idle time may exacerbate their symptoms and create chaos in the home, so one of the best ways to avoid problems is by keeping them busy. Additionally, recent studies have shown a link between many of the problems shown by children with ADHD and deficits in working memory. The research suggests that training and improving the function of working memory can diminish the symptoms of ADHD. Studies have shown marked improvement in trained working memory task of children with ADHD through the use of computerized training programs that target working memory (Klingberg, et al. 2002). Additionally, the training generalized to other non-trained cognitive skills such as visual-spatial working memory task and non-verbal complex reasoning tasks.
Memory and Concentration games are a great idea for improving working memory, as well as focus and attention, and they are quick and fun to play. Through repeated playing, brain circuits are “exercised” and challenged, which strengthens connections and thus improves function. Experts on ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD recommend games that are less complicated and low-tech. If there are too many rules or steps to the game, children can easily become frustrated and lose interest.